Annual Benefit Compliance Concerns
We are continually asked, “What are the compliance actions we need to take every year to ensure we are meeting annual benefit compliance requirements?”
Annual Employee Notices
Send out the following employee notices annually to ensure everyone is notified:
- COBRA – Initial Notice (If 20+ Federal COBRA; if less than 20, State Continuation / “Mini-COBRA”)
- CHIP (Child Health Insurance Plan)
- MHPA (Mental Health Parity & Addiction Equity Act) (If 50+ employees)
- NMHPA (Newborns & Mothers Health Protection Act)
- WHCRA (Women’s Health & Cancer Rights Act)
- Patient Protection
- HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)
- Wellness Program Disclosure (if offering a wellness program)
- Grandfathered Plan (if offering a grandfathered plan)
- Medicare Part D – Send by 10/15 and register with CMS.
- Health Exchange Notice – Distribute to new hires within 14 days of hire date
- FMLA (Family Medical Leave Act) posting and notice (if 50 or more employees within a 75-mile radius)
Summary Plan Descriptions (SPD) or SPD Wraps
Although employers only have to distribute SPDs or SPD Wraps to participants once every five years, we recommend running a new document annually to incorporate any changes in your benefit plans each year. You have current, accurate documentation for the distribution of new participants and as needed to existing participants.
Summary of Material Modification
- Provide participants with a Summary of Material Modification (SMM) any time a benefit plan is materially impacted, such as when the value of the benefit goes up or down. Where possible, provide a 60-day notice of such changes, significantly when benefits are reduced or
Qualifying COBRA Events
- Send out continuation rights letters to those who lose coverage due to a qualifying event such as termination of employment or other qualifying events. Notice to plan within 30 days of the event, notice to the participant within 14 days of notice to
Annual Reports – ACA 1095/1094 Reports, W-2 Reports & 5500 Reports
- ACA Reporting: Employers who are Applicable Large Employers (had 50 or more employees the previous year) and those who offer self-funded or partially self-funded plans are required to provide all full-time employees with Form 1095 C/B by January 31 annually, then to submit Form 1094 C/B to the IRS with copies of form 1095 by February 28 (if paper reporting) or by March 31 (if filing E-file). NOTE: These dates may be extended one to two days if the date falls on a weekend or if the IRS extends the
- W-2 Health Cost Reporting – Employers with 250 W-2s the previous year must show health insurance cost for group plans on participant’s W-2 on reports due January 31 of each year.
- 5500 Reporting – Employers with 100 or more participants in any group benefit plans must submit Form 5500 reports to the Department of Labor (DOL) the last day of the seventh month after the plan year ends (July 31 for a calendar-year plan).
- SAR – ERISA also requires employers who report on form 5500 to provide participants with a Summary Annual Report (SAR) that includes necessary information from the 5500 reports such as funding and insurance, necessary financial information, rights to additional information, and offer of assistance in non-English.
- 125 POP and FSA – Employers who allow eligible premiums to be paid on a pre-tax basis through either a Premium Only Plan (POP) or Flexible Spending Account (FSA) must conduct annual nondiscrimination testing to ensure they are not favoring highly compensated employees. It is advisable to test early, allowing for any needed adjustments and again later in the year to ensure
- Self-Funded Nondiscrimination Testing – All self-funded plans must conduct nondiscrimination testing annually to ensure they do not favor highly compensated employees. It is advisable to test early, allowing for possible needed corrections and again later in the year to ensure
Nondiscrimination testing for fully insured plans has not yet been defined, so it is not required.
- Retirement Plans – 401(k) plans must also pass annual nondiscrimination testing or disallow contributions on a pre-tax basis if found, providing more than 1.25% benefit toward highly compensated employees. They also require an annual audit. It is advisable to test early, allowing for correct and again later in the year to ensure
- MLR Reimbursements – If your organization receives any medical loss ratio reimbursements, make sure you handle these distributions by IRS and group plan guidelines.
By Ken Spencer, President & CEO, HR Service, Inc.